Day 1:       Arrival

Arrival in Dar es Salaam Int. Airport and meet with our representative, drive to Bomani Beach Bungalows and overnight.

Day 2:       Saadani National Park.

After breakfast we will drive to Saadani National Park located in the centre of the historic triangle of Bagamoyo, Pangani and Zanzibar, Saadani National Park covers 1100 km2. It is the only wildlife park in Tanzania bordering the sea. The climate is coastal, hot and humid. It offers a unique combination of both marine and mainland flora and fauna in a culturally fascinating setting. About 30 species of larger mammals are present as well as numerous reptiles and birds. Besides many species of fish, Green Turtles, Humpback Whales (Nyangumi) and Dolphins (Pomboo) also occur in the ocean nearby.Girraffe at Saadani

Saadani National Park is known for its numerous giraffes (Giraffe Camelopardalis, twiga), the national symbol of Tanzania and tallest animal in the world. Their tongues have special callus plates which make them particularly well adapted to browse on spiny acacia trees. Lunch will be provided in one of the picnic site.

Large herds of White-bearded wildebeests (Connochaetes taurinus albojubatus, nyumbu) also graze in the short grass savannas. They were released in the area in the 1970’s when the Game reserve’s zoo, for which they were initially imported from northern Tanzania, was closed. Other introduced species are Plains zebra (Equus burchelli, punda milia) and Eland (Tragelaphus oryx, pofu).

Lion at SaadaniThe Lion (Panthera leo, simba), the largest of the African carnivores, is also found in Saadani, although it is rarely seen. At night you may also hear the hyenas (Crocuta crocuta, fisi) and encounter genets (Genetta sp., kanu), porcupines (Hystrix cristata, nnungu) and civets (Civetticis civetta, fungo). Other species which can be observed within the perimeter of the Park are Bushbucks (Tragelaphus scriptus, pongo), Bushpigs (Potamochoerus porcus, nguruwe), Yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus, nyani) or Vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiopicus, tumbili). Overnight at Saadani Safari Beach Lodge or Saadani River Lodge.

Day 3:       Bagamoyo Historical Town.

After breakfast we will drive to Bagamoyo Historical Town. The town of Bagamoyo, Tanzania, was founded at the end of the 18th century. It was the original capital of German East Africa and was one of the most important trading ports along the East African coast.

About 5 km (3 miles) South of Bagamoyo, the Kaole Ruins with remnants of two mosques and a couple of tombs can be dated back to the 13th century, showing the importance of Islam in those early Bagamoyo times.

Until the middle of the 18th century, Bagamoyo was a small and insignificant trading centerOld Grave yard at Saadani where most of the populations were fishermen and farmers. The main trading goods were fish, salt, and gum, among other things.

In the late 18th century Muslim families settled in Bagamoyo, all of which were relatives of Shamvi la Magimba in

Oman. They made their living by enforcing taxes on the native population and by trading in salt, gathered from the Nunge coast north of Bagamoyo. In the first half of the 19th century, Bagamoyo became a trading port for ivory and the slave trade, with traders coming from the African interior, from places as far as Morogoro, Lake Tanganyika and Usambara on their way to Zanzibar. This explains the meaning of the word Bagamoyo (“Bwaga-Moyo”) which means “Lay down your Heart” in Swahili. It is disputed whether this refers to the slave trade which passed through the town (i.e. “give up all hope”) or to the porters who rested in Bagamoyo after carrying 35 lb cargos on their shoulders from the Great Lakes region (i.e. “take the load off and rest”). Since there is little evidence to support that Bagamoyo was a major slave port (Kilwa, much further south, has earned this status), and that tens of thousands of porters arrived at Bagamoyo annually in the latter half of the 19th century, it is more likely that the name of the town derives from the latter interpretation. Shopping around the market and either fly back home or continue with Zanzibar excursion.



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